Sociology – PovertyPosted in Sociology on the 04.02.2012
1.2 billion people have less than a dollar to live for a day. Every day 40,000 children die in developing countries of hunger and diseases that you and I are vaccinated against before we complete one year. 100 million children lacking primary education. The rich part of the population of 20% control 80% of the resources. Unfair?
Our society has two sides: the rich and poor.
Poverty: a fifth of the world’s population is poor. In 2005 there were approximately 1.24 billion people. Thus 20% of people who lived under the poverty line.
The poverty line: is calculated at an income of 200 or more or mindere a month. It varies.
What is a poor country: it is a country where a large proportion of the population is poor. Can be poor give reasons of such corruption, war, trade, debt, market, and also because that the country was a colony before. Many of the poor countries have been in a colony.
Poor countries usually have abundant natural resources: Some of the richest in nature are Angola, South Africa, Congo and Brazil. In some countries, resources are unused but a country may be poor even if the resources are utilized.
There are 1.24 billion people in the world after the United Nations definition, must be called poor. Most live in southeast Asia and in sub-Saharan Africa. Here, almost half the population lives below the poverty line. It is normal that women have many children and more than those in rich countries.
Poor services: developing countries often have a bad deal when it comes to health, education and other social benefits. Many children die in their first year of life. Children should receive more offers.
Differences between rich and poor countries: it is lack of food in developing countries, the countries have enough food. In poor countries are working a large proportion of the population in agriculture, while in rich countries, most working in industry and tjensteyting.
The richest fifth of the world’s population produces 83% of all goods and services in the world and accounts for over 80% of world trade. The poorest fifth of the population produces small leek 2% of the world’s goods and services. In the rich countries live mostly in the city, while the poor often live in rural areas. It’s about to change.
Gross domestic product: GDP. Tells how much the total income or value added, in a country per year. All pay and payment for goods and services included in GDP. GDP per capita is measured to often as a measure of how rich a country is. Norway is the fourth richest country with GDP per capita: NOK 246 000 Mozambique has GDP of 536 per capita. More expensive to live in Norway. The price of goods and services is much greater in us than in Mozambique. Moreover, these averages mask large differences innenlasnke, especially in developing countries.
When GDP growth is called growth. Development is not the same. Development is something more. The goal is: People will live a good life to have good living conditions. Then it is not only income that counts, but also what society can offer health care, education and other social benefits in the habit of all people.
In the countries: Developed. Are the rich countries. They are called developed countries because the industry has been and is an important industry in these countries. It is developed industry that has largely formed the basis for the wealth and well stand in the rich countries.
Developing countries: developing countries. Are the poor countries. They often have little industry, and they have not had the same economic development as the developed countries. What makes a country to a developing country may have several factors, but there are a number of goals for a country’s prosperity, for example, to measure a country (GDP). capita, calculated as the sum of domestic consumption and investment plus net exports. The weakness is that it covers large income differences.
Nicland: Newly industrialized countries. is the country’s industry is growing. The industry has a larger space than it has in developing countries. And industrial products, elktronikk, clothing is an important part of exports. Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia are examples of countries nic: newly industrialized countries. NIC countries in Southeast Asia have experienced strong economic growth from the year 200 With respect to the asatiske Tigers: South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore. Improved living conditions of many.
Why are some countries rich and some other poor?
Colonial past. The division of labor. Countries have different tasks. In countries stock for most finished products and developing countries for most commodities. The raw materials are poorly paid and often provide little income. The infrastructure of a country: roads, railways, computer technology, newspapers are important for both economic and other developments. The infrastructure is poorly developed in most developing countries. When France and England was the colonial powers in Africa, they collected the raw materials in the colonies and used them in the industry in their countries. That e nest yet to this day. This is one of the reasons why developing countries are poor. We pay little for the raw materials from developing countries and sell the expensive here in Norway and other industrialized countries.
India example: in the early 1800′s produced India even clothing of cotton that was grown in the country. The clothes were sold to the UK. 1813 India exported all thirteen times more than Britain, India was imported from. This would not have some of Britain as the country introduced a high toll on bomullsklerne from India. Then Britain could sell their goods in their own countries and they earned my money.
Can we do to stop this madness:
We can win this war. It will cost 280 billion each year in one ten year period. This corresponds to about 5% of global military spending. Is it possible?
Give money to organizations that help poor countries. Give clothes or other things you do not need more. The most important thing is that you must begin to deal with them. Buying raw goods and lower their customs duties. Help them future. Hjlpe them to build democracy, roads, education and much more. The many ways we can stop poverty. Show you have some ideas came with them.
Norwegian Church Aid: The South African working NCA partners including HIV / AIDS work, indigenous people, organization, institution-building, conflict resolution, reconciliation and human rights, health and education.
Total transferred NCA 81.5 million kroner to southern Africa in 2003. The sum was divided into 66.9 million to long-term assistance, 5.4 million to disaster relief and 9.2 million to influence attitudes and decisions.