The human genome – Genome = completely gensett of an organism – Human genome: between 20,000 and 30,000 genes – 23 pairs of chromosomes – Each gene consists of a long sequence of DNA molecules – Human Genome Project: human genes mapped – Identification of the DNA molecule sequences does not mean that one can … Read more

The key questions How to define stability and change? How stable is personality? How is personality related to important future outcomes in people’s lives? Definitions Personality Development – stability in people over time and the ways people change over time The development must be internal (not called development if one is stressed by a loud … Read more

“Man is born free yet everywhere he is in chains.” – JJ Rousseau Definition: – A process in which attitudes and behaviors of individuals affected by actual or anticipated presence of others (Hogg & Vaughan, 2005) – Social Psychology: the study of how people’s thoughts, feelings and actions are influenced by other – Social psychology … Read more

Psychology – Self

Posted in Psychology | Social Psychology on the 17.05.2012

Self – The modern self has many more facets than in the past – Has led to an idea that you need to find itself – identity crisis, etc. – The inner self has been expanded dramatically – We change over time, yet the idea of a stable, underlying identity – a self- – Three … Read more

Attribution Attribution = the process of assigning a cause to our own or others’ behavior Heider’s theory of people as naive psychologists: not concerned about the true causes of behavior, rather the way people perceive and interpret the – Since we feel that our behavior is motivated by something, we try to find out what … Read more

Cognition and Social Psychology – Social cognition = cognitive structures and processes that influence and are influenced by social behavior – In the 1980s it became a major focus on social cognition – Taught us how we store information about people, how this affects our interaction with them + new methods for studying social psychology … Read more

Overview of research methods Experiment: – Between-group design / between group design: various / independent groups – different levels of a variable Single-factor randomized group design, manipulating one variable, individuals randomly selected Randomized design with two randomized groups or multi-group design Matched-group design – similar to single-factor randomized group design, with the exception of the … Read more

- Content and style – Happiness and satisfaction Concepts – Emotions – overarching term for behavioral, expressive, cognitive and physiological changes – Affect (emotions =) – the aspect of emotions experienced (more narrowly) – Emotional affects – the unconscious components of emotions Introduction Emotions have three components – Subjective feelings and emotions – Physical changes, … Read more

Psychology – Group Psychology

Posted in Psychology on the 11.04.2012

Definition: – A collection of people who define themselves as a group, and whose attitudes and behavior are governed by group norms (Hogg & Vaughan, 2011, p 308) Groups differ in several areas – Upper / lower * – Short-term / long term – Tight / loose koplete groups * – Strong structure and organization … Read more

Prejudice = Negative attitudes towards any social group and its members – Cognitive component (attitude) – Emotional component (anger) – Conative component (the intention of a certain type of behavior, discrimination) (However, some theories do not include the last component) Prejudice can lead to dehumanization, meaning that one takes from people their human dignity. This … Read more