Immanuel Kant was born in the city Kôningsberg in Prussia, the capital at that time. He came from a Christian home and has had an important background for his Christian beliefs. Immanuel was employed at a university in Kôningsberg as professor of philosophy. He was a typical professor who only lived for his theories and … Read more

John Stuart Mill was a British philosopher and economist who is considered one of the most important thinkers in the liberal tradition. He was the son of another liberal, James Mill, and he devoted his entire adult life to develop the political aspects of liberal thought. Mill was a politician and placed in the lower … Read more

Explain Descartes’ statement, “Cogito ergo sum.” Descartes sought a method to determine whether a belief is true or not, and he believed that it was therefore best to begin by doubting everything, and walk slowly to find out what it is impossible to doubt. He believed one should doubt all senses, for example. whether one … Read more

Polisstaten From Mythos to Logos What is ancient? • Time: about 700 to about 500 f.Kr e.Kr (476) • Greek and Roman culture dominates the areas around the Mediterranean • The Greeks first – to about 300 BC • Alexander the Great, died 322 f.Kr • The Roman Empire, from about 200 to 476 f.Kr … Read more

Darwin Charles Darwin was a British naturalist who was born in 1809. He played a major role in the development of evolutionary theory. Although many researchers had been working on theories that were similar to the theory of evolution before Darwin, it is Darwin who is credited for the theory which also later was named … Read more

Relativism: Types of relativism: – 1) Conventionalism – 2) Subjectivism – 3) Conceptrelativism   1) Conventionalism: – Conventions (etiquette) in a culture or a society that determines the moral principles – Reformers dilemma: Wrong, according to conventialism to go against their own society. That is immoral to do something that is not in line with … Read more

Our guilt? Our responsibility? More than 2.8 billion people, nearly half the world’s population, live in poverty and under $ 2, ca. NOK 14, the day. It is enough for a loaf of bread or 100 grams of chocolate in Norway. Around 1.2 billion, 20% of the world’s population living on less than $ 1 … Read more

Freedom and equality are considered today as fundamental elements in the concept, what a man is. Freedom and equality are also regarded as the foundation of democracy. Having the right to express themselves and get to express their opinions, seems like a natural thing, but it was not on the 1600-1700 figure. Around 1600-1700 century, … Read more

Plato 427-347 BC. Plato lived in Athens, where he built a school of philosophers. One of his students at this school was, Aristotle. He wrote a total of 35 books, and one of the most famous books he has written is “state.” Plato’s ideal state In Plato’s ideal state he believed that labor should be … Read more